1400 – 1500
Renaissance in Italy & the North

Brunelleschi's Pazzi Chapel

Filippo Brunelleschi, Pazzi Chapel, Santa Croce, Florence, begun 1420s, completed 1460s
 
Like the Old Sacristy, the Pazzi Chapel shows Brunelleschi's interest in a centralized plan (which he clearly associated with ancient Greek and Roman architecture). Both feature a square space surmounted by a dome (the domes rest on pendentives). Neither building is truly a central plan however. In the Old Sacristy, a rectangular space for the altar protrudes from the square space and in the Pazzi Chapel, we see the same rectangular altar space as well as two shallow barrel-vaulted spaces on either side. 
 
Although there has been a recent suggestion that the architect for the Pazzi Chapel was not Brunelleschi, but rather Michelozzo, a follower who closely copied his ideas, we still see many characteristic features of Renaissance architecture as developed by Brunelleschi here.
 
This beautiful chapel was designed as a chapter house (meeting room) for the Franciscan monks of Santa Croce. The Chapel is located off a cloister in the large church complex. Michelangelo and many other great Italian artists, writers and politicians are buried inside.

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Where and When

Brunelleschis Pazzi Chapel
1420s

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